AWS re:Invent 2021: Our Predictions Vs Announcements for ML Services

AWS re:Invent 2021: Our Predictions Vs Announcements for ML Services

Based on the current trends and advancements in the technology industry, in addition to several other factors, we made certain predictions about new services / features that were likely to be launched at the AWS re:Invent 2021 annual conference. The table below presents a wrap-up of all our predictions about the event in comparison with the actual announcements made by AWS:


Idexcel’s Predictions

AWS re:Invent 2021 Announcements


Release of new generation ec2 instances for faster Machine Learning Training and Inference, which will offer a better Price Performance Ratio.

AWS announced 3 new Amazon EC2 instances powered by AWS-designed chips. They are as follows:

(i) Amazon EC2 C7g instances powered by new AWS Graviton3 processors that provide up to 25% better performance for compute-intensive workloads over current generation C6g instances powered by AWS Graviton2 processors.

(ii) Amazon EC2 Trn1 instances powered by AWS Trainium chips which provide the best price performance and the fastest time to train most Machine Learning models in Amazon EC2.


Amazon Textract will soon penetrate the market by providing extraction solutions that are domain specific, covering specific types of document extraction solutions. We may see examples of specific types of documents that will be extracted.

Amazon Textract had announced specialized support for automated processing of identity documents. Users can now swiftly and accurately extract information from IDs (eg. U.S. Driver Licenses & Passports) which have varying templates or formats.


Improvements in Lex are likely to be out later this year or early next year, with the recent acquisition of Wickr.

AWS announced the Amazon Lex Automated Chat Bot Designer (in Preview), a new feature that simplifies the process of chatbot training and design by bringing in a level of automation to it.


A range of Automation options within AWS Service are likely to be announced.

Amazon SageMaker Inference Recommender – A new capability of SageMaker introduced at AWS re:Invent 2021, which lets users choose the best available compute instance and configuration to deploy machine learning models for optimal inference performance and cost. Also, it minimizes the time taken to obtain Machine Learning (ML) models in production by automating performance benchmarking and load testing models across SageMaker ML instances. Users can now utilize Inference Recommender to deploy their model to a real-time inference endpoint that delivers the finest performance at a meanest cost.

Top Announcements of AWS re:Invent 2021

Top Announcements of AWS re:Invent 2021

Amazon made several announcements at AWS re:Invent 2021 that include new services and enhancements, whilst their partners fostered their offerings, turning the annual conference into one of the most significant events of the cloud technology marketplace. The following are the top announcements of this year.

1. AWS Private 5G

AWS Private 5G is a new managed service that helps organizations set up and scale private 5G mobile networks in their respective facilities within days instead of months. With the minimal number of clicks in the AWS console, customers define where they want to build a mobile network and the network capacity required for their devices. Subsequently, AWS delivers and maintains the small cell radio units, servers, 5G core, and radio access network (RAN) software, and subscriber identity module (SIM) cards required to build a private 5G network and link devices. Also, AWS Private 5G automates the setup and deployment of the network and scales capacity on-demand to support supplementary devices and enhanced network traffic. There are absolutely no per-device costs or fees to be paid in advance with AWS Private 5G and customers only have to pay for the network capacity and throughput they request.

2. Amazon SageMaker Canvas

Amazon SageMaker Canvas leverages the most powerful AutoML technology from Amazon SageMaker, which spontaneously trains and builds models depending on your dataset. This lets SageMaker Canvas to determine the best model based on your dataset so that you can generate single or bulk predictions. It supports numerous problem types such as binary classification, multi-class classification, numerical regression, and time series forecasting. These problem types allow you to address business-critical use cases, such as fraud detection, churn reduction, and inventory optimization without the need of having to write a single line of code. Also, this capability offers an intuitive user interface to swiftly connect to and access data from contrasting sources and prepare data for building ML models.

3. Amazon DevOps Guru for RDS

Amazon DevOps Guru for RDS is a new capability powered by Machine Learning for Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) that systematically identifies and diagnoses database performance and operational issues, enabling users to address bottlenecks in minutes instead of days. This feature of Amazon DevOps Guru, uncovers issues related to operation and performance for all Amazon RDS engines and dozens of other resource types. Also, DevOps Guru for RDS extends upon the existing capabilities of DevOps Guru to determine, diagnose and offer correction recommendations for a range of issues related to performance of database, such as resource over-utilization and misbehavior of SQL queries. Whenever an issue arises, DevOps Guru for RDS instantly notifies developers and DevOps engineers by providing diagnostic information, info on the extent of the issue, and intelligent restoration recommendations to assist customers to promptly resolve the issue.

4. Amazon SageMaker Ground Truth Plus

Amazon SageMaker Ground Truth Plus enables users to create high-quality training datasets with ease, with no need to build labeling applications and manage the labeling workforce on your own. Consequently, you don’t even need to have deep expertise in Machine Learning or extensive knowledge of workflow design and quality management. You simply provide data together with labeling requirements and Ground Truth Plus sets up the data labeling workflows and manages them on your behalf in concordance with your requirements. Also, this latest service uses a multi-tier labeling workflow that includes ML techniques for active learning, pre-labeling and machine validation. This reduces the time required to label datasets for a range of use cases which include computer vision and natural language processing.

5. New EC2 instances featuring Trn1 and Graviton3 Processors

AWS Trainium-based Amazon EC2 Trn1 instances deliver the best price-performance for training deep machine learning models in the cloud for use cases like natural language processing, object detection image recognition, recommendation engines, intelligent search, etc. They support up to 16 Trainium accelerators, 800 Gbps of EFA networking throughput, and ultra-high speed intra-instance connectivity for the quickest ML training in Amazon EC2. These instances are deployed in EC2 UltraClusters that can be scaled to tens of thousands of Trainium accelerators with petabit scale and non-blocking networking. These Trn1 UltraClusters are 2.5x bigger than the former generation EC2 UltraClusters and assist as a powerful supercomputer to quickly train the most complicated deep learning models.

AWS Graviton3 Processors are the latest addition to the Graviton family of processors which are tailor-made by AWS to provide the best price-performance for workloads in Amazon EC2. They offer up to 25% better compute performance, 2x higher floating-point performance, and 2x faster cryptographic workload performance when compared to AWS Graviton2 processors. Also, Graviton3 processors render up to 3x better performance in comparison to Graviton2 processors for CPU-based machine learning workloads, along with additional support for bfloat16 and fp16 instructions. Furthermore, they support pointer authentication for improved security besides always-on 256-bit memory encryption available in AWS Graviton2.

6. Karpenter – An Open-Source High-Performance Kubernetes Cluster Autoscaler

Karpenter is an open-source, resilient, high-performance Kubernetes cluster autoscaler created with AWS. It helps improve the application availability and cluster efficiency of users by swiftly launching appropriately sized compute resources in response to the dynamic application load. Also, this autoscaler offers compute resources in a timely manner to meet your application’s requirements and will soon instinctively optimize a cluster’s compute resource footprint to minimize costs and enhance performance. Karpenter is created to work with any Kubernetes cluster irrespective of the running environment, comprising of all principal cloud providers and on-premises environments. As Karpenter is installed in a user’s cluster, it inspects the aggregate resource requests of unscheduled pods and generates decisions to institute new nodes and terminate them to minimize scheduling latencies and infrastructure expenses.

7. AWS Amplify Studio

This new visual development environment offers frontend developers with features to expedite the development of UI with minimal coding, whilst integrating Amplify’s powerful backend configuration and management capabilities. AWS Amplify Studio spontaneously translates designs made in Figma to human-readable React UI component code. Developers can now visually connect the UI components to app backend data within Amplify Studio. With regard to configuring and managing backends, Amplify Admin UI’s present capabilities will be part of Amplify Studio moving forward, offering an integrated interface to empower developers to build full-stack applications quicker. Furthermore, to speed up the UI development process, Amplify Studio provides developers a React UI library with several components such as newsfeeds, contact forms, and e-commerce cards.

8. Amazon Mask Severless (in preview)

This is a new type of Amazon MSK cluster that makes it simpler for developers to run Apache Kafka without needing to manage its capacity. Amazon MSK Serverless spontaneously provisions and scales compute and storage resources and provides throughput-based pricing, so that you can utilize Apache Kafka on demand and pay only for the data you stream and retain. With minimal clicks in the AWS management console, users can set up secure and highly available clusters that automatically scale as your application I/O scales. MSK serverless enables users to run existing applications without needing to change code or create new applications using prominent tools and APIs, as it is fully compatible with Apache Kafka. Also, this cluster supports native AWS integrations that offer capabilities like private connectivity with AWS PrivateLink, safe client access with AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM), and schema evolution control with AWS Glue Schema Registry.

9. Amazon EMR Serverless (in preview)

This is a new serverless option in Amazon EMR that makes it simple and economical for data engineers and analysts to run petabyte-scale data analytics in the cloud. As you are aware, Amazon EMR is a cloud big data platform utilized by customers to run large-scale distributed data processing jobs, interactive SQL queries, and machine learning applications using open-source analytics frameworks like Apache Hive, Apache Spark, and Presto. Now with the introduction of Amazon EMR Serverless, customers can run applications built with the aid of these frameworks with minimal clicks, without needing to configure, optimize and secure clusters. EMR Serverless instinctively provisions and scales the compute and memory resources needed by the application, and customers have to only pay for the resources they utilize. Also, with EMR Serverless, users need to just specify the open-source framework and version that they wish to use for their application and submit jobs using EMR Studio, API’s or JDBC & ODBC clients.

10. AWS Cloud WAN Preview

AWS Cloud WAN is a new managed wide-area networking (WAN) service that makes it easier for users to create, manage and track any global network that connects resources running across their cloud and on-premises environments. This service provides a simple way to link all your data centers, branch offices, and cloud resources into an integrated, centrally managed network, minimizing the operational costs and complexities involved with running a global network. Furthermore, with Cloud WAN, users can utilize a centralized dashboard and network policies to build a global network that covers multiple locations and networks, ultimately eliminating the need to individually configure and manage different networks using diverse technologies. As Cloud WAN automatically creates a global network across AWS Regions using the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), users can now easily exchange routes round the globe.

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Recap of Werner Vogel’s Keynote Announcements at AWS re:Invent 2021

Werner Vogel's Keynote Announcements

For a top technologist habitual to keeping a sharp focus on the future, Amazon VP & CTO, Werner Vogels placed a vast array of his keynote at AWS re:Invent 2021 by looking back in time. The Chief Technology Officer at Inc. made several references to his first re:Invent keynote in 2012 wherein he summarized a set of fundamental rules for the development community. These included, creating APIs with explicit and well-documented failure modes and avoiding leaking implementation information at any cost.

Irrespective of Vogels’ concern over the lessons of a decade ago, he proposed plenty of new announcements for the present times day during 2-hours of keynote speech. His remarks incorporated the offering of M1 Mac minis as part of EC2 and the announcement that 30 new AWS Local Zones could be expected online for the company’s extensive datacenter network. Also, Werner Vogels spent time on 2 specific areas during his presentation at the re:Invent conference. One was related to IAM (Identity & Access Management) and its greater emphasis in the function of application programming interface calls. Another key area which Vogels geared towards was the AWS’ space-based initiative. We hereby present a summary of Vogel’s biggest announcements below:

  • Introduction of new Amazon EC2 M1 Mac Instances – The introduction of Amazon EC2 M1 Mac instances have brought great flexibility, scalability and cost benefits of AWS to all Apple developers. EC2 Mac instances are devoted Mac mini computers connected with Thunderbolt to the AWS Nitro System, letting the Mac mini appear and behave like another EC2 instance. The introduction of EC2 M1 Mac instances now allow users to access machines built around the Apple-designed M1 System on Chip (SoC). Mac developers re-architecting their apps to natively support Macs with Apple silicon, can now build and test their apps and reap all the benefits of AWS. Developers working for iPhone, iPad, Apple Watch, and Apple TV will also greatly benefit from faster builds. The new EC2 M1 Mac instances promise up to 60% better price performance and efficiency over the x86-based EC2 Mac instances for iPhone and Mac app build workloads.
  • Introduction of AWS Cloud WAN – The AWS Cloud WAN is a Managed Wide Area Networking (WAN) service that makes it simpler for users to build, manage and monitor a global network that connects resources running across their cloud and on-premises environments. AWS offers customers with various powerful, yet simple services for Cloud networking. The Cloud WAN Service provides easy means to connect your data centers, branch offices and cloud resources into an integrated, centrally managed network, minimizing the overall operational cost and complexity involved with running a global network.
  • Launch of 30 new AWS local zones in 2022 – AWS will launch over 30 new AWS Local Zones in major cities round the globe. Starting in 2022, these new AWS Local Zones will be made available in over 21 countries, that include Austria, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Belgium, Chile, Canada, Czech Republic, Colombia, Finland, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Kenya, India, Norway, Netherlands, Philippines, Portugal, Poland, and South Africa, and join 16 Local Zones across the US, helping you to serve end-users round the globe with much lower latency. AWS’s local zones are a kind of infra deployment that places AWS computing, storage, database and other select services closer to users, industry and technology centers, typically where there is no AWS region availability.
  • Introduction of AWS Amplify Studio – AWS Amplify Studio is a visual development environment that provides frontend developers new features to accelerate UI development with less coding, whilst incorporating Amplify’s powerful backend configuration and management capabilities. Developers can visually connect the UI components to app backend data, within Amplify Studio. In order to configure and manage backends, Amplify Admin UI’s existing capabilities will be part of Amplify Studio moving forward, offering a unified interface to allow developers build full-stack apps quicker. Amplify Studio can now be used by developers to set up a backend, build UI components and connect these two together, everything within Amplify Studio. Besides containing all of Admin UI’s existing backend creation and management capabilities, Amplify Studio simplifies set up and management of app backend infrastructure such as database tables, user authentication and file storage, without the need of any cloud expertise.
  • General Availability Announcement of AWS Cloud Development Kit (CDK) v2 – Basically, the AWS CDK is an open-source framework that makes it easier to work with cloud resources using conventional programming languages such as C#, TypeScript, Java, Python and Go. The AWS Cloud Development Kit (AWS CDK) v2 is now generally available in a single package, making it easier for users to utilize the CDK and stay abreast with new versions as it evolves going forward. AWS CDK v2 amalgamates the AWS Construct Library into a single package called aws-cdk-lib, and eradicates the need of downloading individual packages for each AWS service utilized. Now, you only need to take a minimum dependency on this single package if you write your own CDK construct libraries, letting library consumers choose which exact AWS CDK version to use. As AWS CDK v2 includes only stable API’s that adhere to Semantic Versioning (semver), you can now confidently update to new minor versions. Also, according to Vogels, this newly available kit is sure to provide fixes to various issues encountered with version v1.
  • General Availability Announcement of New Construct Hub – The New Construct Hub is a registry of open-source construct libraries for making the cloud development process simpler. These Constructs are reusable building blocks of the Cloud Development Kits (CDKs). The new Construct Hub lets developers to discover and share open –source CDK libraries such as CDK constructs for the AWS Cloud Development Kit (CDK), CDK for Kubernetes (CDK8), CDK for Terraform (CDKtf) and other construct-based tools.
  • Launch of AWS re:Post: An amended Q&A Experience for the AWS Community – This is a new, question and answer (Q&A) service as part of the AWS Free Tier, led by the community of AWS employees, customers, partners. AWS re:Post is an AWS-managed Question & Answer service providing collaborative, expert-reviewed answers to the technical questions of users about AWS that substitutes the original AWS Forums. Now, community members can garner reputation points to augment their community expert status by delivering approved answers and reviewing answers from other users, aiding to continually expand public knowledge availability across all AWS services.

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Key Highlights of AWS re:Invent 2021

What To Expect From AWS reInvent 2021

1. Amazon WorkSpaces introduces Amazon WorkSpaces Web

Amazon WorkSpaces Web makes it easy for customers to safely provide their employees with access to internal websites and SaaS web applications without the administrative burden of appliances or specialized client software. WorkSpaces Web provides simple policy tools custom-built for user interactions while offloading common tasks like capacity management, scaling, and maintaining browser images. With WorkSpaces Web, corporate data never resides on remote devices. Websites are rendered in an isolated container in AWS, and pixel streamed to the user. The isolated browsing session provides an effective barrier against attacks packaged in the web content and avoids potentially compromised end-user devices from ever connecting with internal servers. Also, every session launches a fresh, always up-to-date, non-persistent web browser.

2. Announcing Amazon Redshift Serverless (Preview)

Amazon Redshift now provides a Serverless option (preview) to run and scale analytics without having to provision and manage data warehouse clusters. With Amazon Redshift Serverless, all users including data analysts, developers, and data scientists can now use Amazon Redshift to get insights from data within seconds. Amazon Redshift Serverless automatically provisions and intelligently scales data warehouse capacity to deliver the best-in-class performance for all your analytics.

3. Introducing Amazon FSx for OpenZFS

Amazon FSx for OpenZFS empowers you to launch, run, and scale fully managed file systems on AWS that replace the ZFS or other Linux-based file servers you run on-premises while helping to provide better agility and reduced costs. This new addition lets you use a popular file system without having to deal with hardware provisioning, software configuration, patching, backups, and the like. You can create a file system in minutes and begin to enjoy the benefits of OpenZFS right away viz. transparent compression, continuous integrity verification, snapshots, and copy-on-write. Even further, you get all of these benefits without having to develop the specialized expertise that has traditionally been required to set up and administer OpenZFS.

4. Amazon FSx for Lustre now supports linking multiple Amazon S3 buckets to a file system

Amazon FSx for Lustre is a service that provides cost-effective, high-performance, scalable file systems for compute workloads, making it more easier to process data residing in Amazon S3 by enabling an FSx for Lustre file system to be linked to multiple S3 buckets. Integrated with Amazon S3, FSx for Lustre enables you to easily to process S3 datasets with a high-performance file system. With today’s launch, you can link multiple S3 buckets or prefixes to a file system and your S3 datasets appear as files and directories in a single unified file system namespace.

5. Amazon FSx for Lustre now supports automatically exporting file updates to Amazon S3

Amazon FSx for Lustre is a service that provides cost-effective, high-performance, scalable file systems for compute workloads, making it much easier to process data residing in Amazon S3 by enabling your S3 bucket’s contents to be updated automatically as data is updated in an FSx for Lustre file system. Integrated with Amazon S3, FSx for Lustre empowers you to easily process S3 datasets with a high-performance file system. With today’s launch, FSx for Lustre can also automatically update the contents of the linked S3 bucket as files are added to, changed in, or deleted from the file system.

6. Introducing AWS Migration Hub Refactor Spaces – Preview

AWS Migration Hub Refactor Spaces is the new starting point for incremental app refactor that makes it very easy to manage the refactor process while operating in production. Using Refactor Spaces, customers focus on the refactor of their applications, and not the creation and management of the underlying infrastructure that makes refactoring possible. This new Migration Hub feature minimizes the business risk of evolving applications into microservices or extending existing applications with new features written in microservices.

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What To Expect From AWS reInvent 2021

AWS re:Invent 2021 is an Amazon Web Services annual technology conference scheduled for November 29 through December 3 in Las Vegas, Nevada. This is the largest annual Amazon Web Services (AWS) conference for partners and customers. The event is scheduled to include 1,500 technical sessions, a partner expo, training and certification opportunities, and multiple keynote announcements. Also, AWS re:Invent 2021 is dedicated to cloud strategies, IT architecture and infrastructure, operations, security, and developer productivity with a focus on AWS products and features. Irrespective of whether you are an engineer, a business leader, or just embarking on the cloud journey, this is an opportunity to discover everything the event has to offer. As an AWS Advanced Consulting Partner and Managed Service Provider (MSP), Idexcel is much excited and looking forward to this event.

Key Note Sessions

Keynote Session 1: Global Partner Summit – November, 29 (3:00 PM – 5:00 PM PST)

Doug Yeum – Head of AWS Partner Organization: Yeum is currently AWS’ head of worldwide channels and alliances. His responsibilities included engaging with c-level executives about their digital transformation and innovation strategies, developing business through channels & alliances, and managing business operations.

Sandy Carter – Vice President for Worldwide Public Sector Partners and Programs at AWS: She is responsible for driving next-generation partnering and evolving partner models to intensify partner innovation and AWS Cloud adoption.

Stephen Orban – General Manager of AWS Marketplace and Control Services: Orban formerly served for three years as general manager of AWS Data Exchange, a service launched in 2019 that makes it easy for AWS customers to find, subscribe to, and use third-party data in the cloud through Marketplace.

Keynote Session 2: AWS Customers, Products, & Services – November, 30 (8:30 AM – 10:30 AM PST)

Adam Selipsky – AWS CEO: Adam would take the stage to share his insights and latest news about AWS customers, products, and services.

Keynote Session 3: Databases, Analytics, & Machine Learning– December, 01 (8:30 AM – 10:30 AM PST)

Swami Sivasubramanian – Vice President at AWS: Heading up all Amazon AI and Machine Learning services and leading on all aspects of Machine Learning, from ML frameworks and infrastructure to Amazon SageMaker and AI services.

Keynote Session 4: AWS & Cloud Infrastructure – December, 01 (3:00 PM – 4:30 PM PST)

Peter DeSantis – Senior Vice President of AWS Global Infrastructure and Customer Support: Leading the AWS teams responsible for designing the data centers, servers, and network that underpin AWS services and for deploying and operating this infrastructure worldwide.

Keynote Session 5: Future of Software Development – December, 02 (8:30 AM – 10:30 AM PST)

Dr. Werner Vogels – Chief Technology Officer at Dr. Werner is responsible for driving the company’s customer-centric technology vision and is one of the forces behind Amazon’s approach to cloud computing.

Offerings of re:Invent 2021

Here is a lineup of some of the expanded offerings of the event that you may want to check out:


  • Keynotes from AWS on cutting edge-technology and industry trends
  • Leadership Sessions on a range of hot topics
  • Breakout Groups and Q&A Sessions
  • Expert Learning Lounges
  • Builders’ Fair with Presentations and Question & Answer Sessions
  • AWS Product Announcements

AWS Training & Certification

  • Exam Readiness Sessions
  • Remote Certification Examinations
  • Hands-on Labs & Bootcamps

Hands-on Learning & Fun

  • AWS DeepRacer Competitions
  • Jams, Game Days & Hackathon
  • Virtual Play Events

Performances & Entertainment

  • Cooking Demonstrations
  • re:Play – a Live Concert by a National Act

Our AWS re:Invent 2021 Predictions for ML Services

  1. Release of new generation ec2 instance for faster Machine Learning Training and Inference, which will offer a better Price-Performance Ratio.
  2. Amazon Textract will soon penetrate the market by providing extraction solutions that are domain-specific, covering specific types of document extraction solutions. We may see examples of specific types of documents that will be extracted.
  3. As we are in the midst of guiding ourselves through the pandemic, we will be aware that 2020 was a big year for medical image processing, particularly for chest x-rays. In this regard, we are expecting Amazon to announce a service similar to “Lookout For Vision” which will be used for anomaly detection, specifically focused on radiology-based images.
  4. An enhancement to Amazon Health Lake is expected to augment patient tracking and management.
  5. With the recent acquisition of Wickr, improvements in Lex are likely to be out later this year or early next year.
  6. A range of Automation options within AWS Service is likely to be announced.
  7. Furthermore, we look forward to big announcements of several incremental improvements to Amazon Rekognition service offering and additional flexibility in Machine Learning Training Models for images and videos.

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